European
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Willem de Pannemaker (Flemish, active 1515–ca. 1581),
October, from the series Months of Lucas , ca. 1550
wool, 130 in.; 330.2 cm
Gift of William Averell Harriman in memory of his mother, Mrs. E.H. Harriman, 1943.59

This tapestry is one of a series called The Months of Lucas after Lucas van Leyden, the sixteenth-century artist once believed to have designed it. Only few individual months still exist of the numerous complete series that were produced over two centuries. This example was woven in Brussels under the direction of Willem de Pannemaker, a celebrated sixteenth-century masterweaver. Some of its once brilliant colors have faded over time. The twelve months picture the out-of-doors life of nobles and peasants. October shows episodes from the wine harvest: peasants trampling the grapes to extract the juice, and courtly figures in front of an arbor tasting wine.

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